Saturday, May 23, 2020

Satyam The Tiger Of India - 2951 Words

Satyam - The Tiger of India I. Background Several years after Enron and its subsequent landmark regulation Sarbanes-Oxley, significant frauds in the corporate environment are still occurring. Throughout all of the major corporate frauds committed over the past 15 years, the underlying red flags and symptoms are the same. Internal controls are being overridden without regard, CEOs are manipulating the financial statements to meet analyst financial metrics and corporate cash coffers are being raided for personal use. Well respected audit and oversight firms are jeopardizing their reputations by consistently missing the obvious while C-level perpetrators are escaping harsh prosecution. Satyam Computer Limited is one such firm in India. The†¦show more content†¦There was such obvious and blatant fraud occurring at many levels in the firm. This paper will provide a high level overview of the types of fraud while providing a fraud audit program for a specific type of fraud. It is important to note several key factors that contribute to the corporate debauchery occurring in India. Most notably, the Indian accounting profession is self-regulated. â€Å"India, by sticking to the self-regulatory model, is set up for market failure. ( As capitalism is to America, lack of regulation is to India with subsequent effects of corruption. Business in India, regardless of industry, is replete with corruption and bribery. Not surprisingly these nefarious ideals found their way into the corporate governance of Indian firms and filter down into the day to day business operations. License Raj, a colloquial term coined in the late 1970s, indicates a period in which to establish a business and obtain necessary operating permits, owners are required to pay bribes to government officials. ( Per Audit TEXT) Satyam experienced explosive growth and outpaced other firms in the industry from 2003-2008. According to the journal article Corporate Accounting Fraud: A Case Study of Satyam Computers Limited, Satyam realized 35% annual growth where the industry standard was 6.4%. The article also indicated Satyam had 40% earnings-per-share growth and

Tuesday, May 12, 2020

The Attack On Pearl Harbor - 1164 Words

The Attack on Pearl Harbor December 7th, 1941, will forever be remembered by Americans as a day of terror, sacrifice, and patriotism. It is a day that has, and will, forever change the course of American history. On this day, the Japanese navy performed a surprise air attack on the American naval base Pearl Harbor, inciting the United States of America to officially become involved in World War II. The bombing of Pearl Harbor was a momentous moment in America’s history. World War II started when the German Nazis invaded Poland in a conquest for power and world domination. This led to a series of events resulting in a war between the â€Å"Allied Powers† (mainly Russia, Great Britain, and eventually America) against the â€Å"Axis Powers† (mainly†¦show more content†¦prohibited the export of steel, scrap iron, and aviation fuel to Japan. When Japan started invading their neighbors, the U.S. demanded they withdraw, but would have settled for an agreement of not taking any more land, because they were opposed to becoming over-involved. Japan secretly set November 29, 1941, apart as the last day they would accept any settlement with America without war. The Japanese were devising a plan for invading and conquering the Pacific, and they saw their biggest threat being the American naval base, Pearl Harbor. Therefore, they devised the plan â€Å"Operation Hawaii†. The Japanese predicted the U.S. would declare war following the attack, but the Japanese grossly underestimated the power and impact America would bring into the war (â€Å"Attack†). It was a Sunday morning at the Pacific Fleet headquarters in Oahu, Hawaii. Everything seemed natural, until the radar showed a large group of aircraft speeding toward Pearl Harbor (â€Å"America Goes†). Some people showed concern, while their superiors assumed them to just be American planes that were scheduled to return that day. Across the world in Washington DC, the U.S. military had broken the Japanes e code, informing them that the Japanese intended to perform a surprise attack on Pearl Harbor that day. This information was crucial, but it was too late (â€Å"Attack†). A few minutes before 8 AM, six aircraft carriers holding 200 planes closed in on their target, but this was just the first wave

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Diversity talking Free Essays

When we are talking In relation to diversity, we talk about the group who possess individual qualities that are diverse from our traits. Diversity is the uniqueness which every employee brings to the workplace in an organization or establishment. Examples of differences include nationality, belief, disabilities, physical appearance, race, gender, age, educational background, sexual orientation, and work experience, social and family status, At workplace, valuing diversity means creating a work environment that respects and includes variation Indlvldudl by maxlmlzlng the otential of all employees or in which every employee feels included. We will write a custom essay sample on Diversity talking or any similar topic only for you Order Now It means acknowledging that other people, other races, other voices, and other cultures have an equal claim on the world. Valuing diversity is the recognition that there are many ways of viewing the world, solving problems, and working together workplace diversity Is the differences people bring In an organization. It encompasses learning and Interacting with people who share different opinions, backgrounds from us and creating an environment w†¦ _ middle of paper _ †¦ ployees should be open-minded and treat others with dignity, respect, courtesy and onsideration and not tolerate harassment or discrimination. This creates a workplace that encourages learning and associating with people from diverse groups. With a diverse working environment and an equally diverse opportunity, the sky is the limit to what you can achieve during your career. In addition to a very Important requirement when people deal with diversity Is when there Is a promotion of d â€Å"safe† place for people to communicate (Koonce, 2001 Diversity is the essence of evolution. Right from the ancient times, it has been clearly evident that various races of the world interacted and traded with each other. Calling diversity as one ot the leading survival tactics ot the human race wont be an anomaly. It opens up the mind and dlmlnlshes the boundaries defined by set of authoritarians. Diversity Is eminent In nature. The diverse colours of Mother Nature, seasonal variations, existence of solar, lunar and planetary movements in harmony and in coordination are nothing but diverse expressions of the same. The myriad hues sync up in reverence and carve a picture so nice. Man Is a small constituent of this colossal cosmos. And as stated earller, diversity Is dn essence of the existence. Therefore It becomes Imperative to respect and greet the great variation present around. People hailing from different cultures, ethnicity, race, country or religion should be considered as a part of the ‘one society’ only. and unjustified behaviour expressed by a particular race towards the others. This behaviour is a denial of the God’s creation. In his infinite wisdom, he created people of all colours and creeds. On a scientific basis the colour of the skin depends upon the geographical and environmental factors. And in deeper introspection, it is the pigment melanin that determines the colour of skin. So, the main point is that nowhere in the description lies any factor that makes a particular race better than others. The anatomy and physiology of a human body are similar all over the world. Hence discrimination on any basis is unjustified and unacceptable. There are various cultures and religions that are followed in the present society set up. Everyone has the right to follow and express his religious beliefs in solidarity. Instead of making prejudices and demeaning people, try to embrace the goodness of each. No religion spread the message of hatred or communalism. It is the followers r the conservatives who modify the teachings according to their maligned thoughts. In the modern world the international boundaries are already shrinking. The increasing trade among the countries and the outsourcing of Jobs is an example. No country can survive on its own. Mutual collaboration among all parts of the world is mandatory. Even, those who claim to belong to first world have to depend upon the third world countries for a better market and manpower. The oil and gasoline needs are satiated by the gulf countries. In turn, all the modern facilities and exposure to evelopment is best in the developed countries only. Accepting the diversity is not only an option but compulsory for the sustenance of humanity. Accepting the diversity gracefully will help in building a congenial environment. It is the imminent duty of the older generation to understand and teach their younger ones the importance and acceptance of diversity present around. The base line is to warmly embrace the diverse cultures and religions and their teachings prevalent in the world. It will help to improvise the human race as a whole and will lead towards a better future for generations to follow. How to cite Diversity talking, Papers

Sunday, May 3, 2020

Accounting Project The Banking Organization

Question: Describe about the Accounting Project for The Banking Organization. Answer: Introduction: The banking organization plays a very important role in economic development and financial system of any nation. Therefore, the estimation of its effectiveness is very crucial. This research proposal presents the comparative analysis of Australian and Canadian bank organizations economic performance. Throughout the past 2 decades, significant empirical and theoretical attention is being given on financial and economic performance and development. Banking organization has crucial impact on the urbanization and industrialization process of any country. Banking organization manipulates the economic performance through three important factors, which are: (1) increase rate in private savings (2) the improvement and effectiveness on the intermediary performance of finance (3) the development of social capital productivity. Generally, productivity growth is highly dependent on financial performance. Hence, if smooth performance of financial system is disturbed by financial crisis, it will h ave considerable negative effect on the banking organizations as well as economic performance of any country (Joshi et al. 2013). Australian banking organization consists of various banks operated under the Banking Act, 1959. Banking system in Australia is competitive, liquid and well-developed. At present, there are four major banks who are dominating the banking organization in Australia. They are: National Australia Bank, Commonwealth bank of Australia, Westpac banking Corporation and Australia and New Zealand Banking Group. On the other hand, banking organization in Canada started through the establishment of Bank of Montreal in the year 1817. In day to day business, the banking organization in Canada, are divided into two major categories, such as: (1) five large national banks (2) smaller banks in second tier. Five major banks in Canada are: Toronto Dominion Bank, Bank of Montreal, Royal Bank of Canada, Bank of Nova Scotia and Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce. Some remarkable second tier banks are: Canadian Western Bank, Laurentine Bank, ATB Financial, HSBC Bank of Canada, Desjardins Group and Tangerine Bank (Grigoroudis, Tsitsiridi and Zopounidis 2013). Literature Review: Westpac Banking Corporation (Australia): Background: Westpac is Australias first bank. Westpac was founded in 1817 and known as Bank of New South Wales under the merger offered by Governor Lachlan Macquarie. It converted its name to Westpac Banking Corporation in October 1982 after the acquirement of Commercial Bank of Australia. They started their business with Joseph Hyde, who was their first employee. He used to receive an annual remuneration of 25 pounds along with weekly ration from Kings store. In the year 1821, they faced huge loss as the chief cashier of New South Wales absconded with half of their subscribed capital, out of which not a single penny was recoverable. The bank began their major expansion through the gold fever in 1851 when they found a prospect to set up buying agents for gold with regard to the requirement of merchants and miners. They had grown to 37 branches from a single branch in Sydney, by the year 1861. At present, Westpac has 5 divisions for serving near about 13 million customers. Their operating structu re and business are lined up with the need of their prime customers. (Strong, Cater-Steel and Lane 2014). Five key segments of Westpac are: Business bank: They are liable for customer service and sales of their agribusiness and commercial customer and small to medium enterprises. This division also helps the expertise in equipment and asset finance. Consumer bank: They are liable for service and sales of their Australian customer under Westpac. BT Financial Group of Australia: They manage the Australian insurance and wealth business. They are liable for management of the fund, distribution and manufacturing of investment, financial planning, private banking, broking and margin lending. Institutional bank of Westpac: They provides a wide range of financial deals to corporate, commercial, government and institutional customers, connected to New Zealand and Australia (Cummings and Durrani 2016). Westpac of New Zealand: They are accountable for service and sales of insurance, wealth, and banking products for business and institutional consumers around New Zealand. Other divisions of business of the group involves: Group Technology, Business and Customer Services, Core support and Treasury department (Islam, Jain and Thomson 2016). Bank of Montreal (Canada): Background: Bank of Montreal was founded in the year 1817 as a wide financial service provider in North America. They provides wide range services and products like investment banking, wealth management, retail banking to more than 12 million consumers. Bank of Montreal carry on their business through the operating groups like: Capital market of BMO, Wealth Management and Commercial and Personal banking. They serve the customers of Canada through the Bank of Montreal, Nesbitt Burns of BMO and Capital Markets of BMO. They help their clients to make money through offering the widest variety of financial services by a single point contact. Their experts from financial service segment always offer services to their customer around the whole enterprise, in case they need any kind of service (Allahrakha, Glasserman and Young 2015). Primary services provided by the Bank of Montreal are: Start plan for business: Under this plan, clients are offered to get banking plan for business with low-fee and no minimum monthly balance obligation. Builder 1 Plan for Business: Under this plan, customers are provided with a banking plan of business for a charge of $20 per month and with no minimum balance requirement for up to 35 transactions per month. Builder 2 Plan for Business: As per this plan, clients get banking plan for business for a monthly charge of $45, up to 70 dealings per month and with advanced electronic system for banking solutions (van Knippenberg 2016). Problem Statement: The main problem statement of this research proposal is to analyze the economic performance of Westpac Corporation Bank of Australia and Bank of Montreal from Canada and the types of services offered by these banks to their clients (Thomas, Silverman and Nelson 2015). Research question: Main questions of this research proposal are: What are the contributions of Westpac Banking Corporation in Australia? What are the contributions of Bank of Montreal in Canada? How these banks are contributing to the nations economic development? How these banks are providing services to their customers? Research design and Objectives: This research proposal is proposed to analyze the contribution of Westpac Corporation Bank and Bank of Montreal towards the economic development of Australia and Canada. The main objective of this research proposal is to find out how these banks are providing services to their client and the range of services provided to them (Creswell 2013). Research Hypothesis: The hypothesis of this research proposal is: H0: Economic performance of Westpac Corporation Bank of Australia is better H1: Economic performance of Bank of Montreal of Canada is better. Research methodology: The plan for research includes the way in which the research is required to be completed. This research proposal is about the comparative analysis of the economic performance of Westpac Corporation Bank of Australia and bank of Montreal of Canada. This research proposal involves Quantitative Secondary research. The quantitative secondary research involves collection of data from the official websites of Westpac Corporation Bank of Australia and Bank of Montreal of Canada. Analysis of data shall be based on the existing information available in their official website (Pickard 2012). Research Philosophy: There are three types of research philosophy. The first type of philosophy is known as realism philosophy. Human feelings and emotions are mainly taken into account in realism philosophy. The conclusions are drawn by taking into consideration the feelings and emotions. Positivism is the second type of research philosophy. In this case, the human feelings and emotions are not at all considered. The conclusions are drawn from collected information and figures. The third type of research philosophy, that is, interpretive research philosophy, considers both the human emotions and feelings along with collected data and figures. For example, when a research is carried out, the part where an individual supports a particular cause or does not fall in the section of data collection, then a particular attitude of the people regarding the social cause falls under realism research philosophy. The chosen research philosophy for this research work is positivism research philosophy. The research will be carried out based on the collected data. The research is mainly based on secondary data. The emotions and feelings are not taken into account in this kind of research work (Robson and McCartan 2016). Gantt Chart: The Gantt Chart for this research proposal is given below: Week 1 Week 6 Week 8 Week 13 Week 14 Identification of research problem Literature review Data collection and analysis Conclusion and final presentation Final business research thesis due Figure: Gnatt Chart for the research proposal (Source: Created by Author) Research process: Research process is the way through which research is to be carried out. In the first week of the research, the research problem is required to be identified and the problem report of the research will be arranged. In week 6, literature review shall be completed. In week 8, collection and analysis of data shall be completed. Conclusion and final presentation shall be completed by week 13 and final business thesis is due for week 14 (O'Leary 2013). Data Collection: Secondary data collection for quantitative data will include data from the official website of Westpac Corporation Bank of Australia and Bank of Montreal of Canada. There are number of clients who use the services of these banks. The data can also be collected from the services provided by the bank to their clients (McMillan and Schumacher 2014). Research Strategy: The research strategy states the ways by which the research is being carried out. The research strategies can be of four different types qualitative research design, quantitative research design, logical theoretical research, participatory research and others. The qualitative research design refers to using secondary research. In the case of quantitative design, the primary data is being used. The primary data can be collected by the help of questionnaire. The logical research refers to drawing consequences from initial assumptions (Hair 2015). The participatory research refers to the research approaches used in social systems for studying. The research strategies used for this research work is Quantitative Secondary approach. The data is being collected regarding the economic performance of Westpac Corporation Bank of Australia and Bank of Montreal of Canada from the official website of these banks (Silverman 2013). Time Horizons: The time horizons refer to the time points from where the data is being calculated. The data can be collected over a single point of time or repeatedly over different points of time. When the data is being collected over a single point of time, then the design is referred to as cross sectional design. When the data of different variables are repeatedly collected in different points of time, then the design is known as longitudinal study design. The cross sectional study design is used for the purpose of this research. The study involves collection of data regarding the economic performance and service to clients by these banks. It also states the various types of services provided by the banks to their clients (Bell 2014). Expected Research Outcomes: The research proposal must give an apparent idea about the Economic performance of Westpac Corporation Bank, Australia and Bank of Montreal, Canada. The research proposal also gives a clear idea regarding the collection and analysis of dataset. The possible conclusions of the analysis shall also be stated in the proposal. The research proposal will help to analyse the economic performance of banks in Australia and Canada. References: Allahrakha, M., Glasserman, P. and Young, H.P., 2015. Systemic importance indicators for 33 US bank holding companies: an overview of recent data.OFR Brief, (15-01). Bell, J., 2014.Doing Your Research Project: A guide for first-time researchers. McGraw-Hill Education (UK). Creswell, J.W., 2013.Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches. Sage publications. Cummings, J.R. and Durrani, K.J., 2016. Effect of the Basel Accord capital requirements on the loan-loss provisioning practices of Australian banks.Journal of Banking Finance,67, pp.23-36. Grigoroudis, E., Tsitsiridi, E. and Zopounidis, C., 2013. Linking customer satisfaction, employee appraisal, and business performance: an evaluation methodology in the banking sector.Annals of Operations Research,205(1), pp.5-27. Hair, J.F., 2015.Essentials of business research methods. ME Sharpe. Islam, M.A., Jain, A. and Thomson, D., 2016. Does the global reporting initiative influence sustainability disclosures in Asia-Pacific banks?.Australasian Journal of Environmental Management, pp.1-16. Joshi, M., Cahill, D., Sidhu, J. and Kansal, M., 2013. Intellectual capital and financial performance: an evaluation of the Australian financial sector.Journal of intellectual capital,14(2), pp.264-285. McMillan, J.H. and Schumacher, S., 2014.Research in education: Evidence-based inquiry. Pearson Higher Ed. O'Leary, Z., 2013.The essential guide to doing your research project. Sage. Pickard, A., 2012.Research methods in information. Facet publishing. Robson, C. and McCartan, K., 2016.Real world research. John Wiley Sons. Silverman, D., 2013.Doing qualitative research: A practical handbook. SAGE Publications Limited. Strong, B., Cater-Steel, A. and Lane, M., 2014. Prudential risk management of IT sourcing strategies: a case study of an Australian bank. Thomas, J.R., Silverman, S. and Nelson, J., 2015.Research Methods in Physical Activity, 7E. Human kinetics. van Knippenberg, D., 2016. Making Sense of Who We Are.The Oxford Handbook of Organizational Identity, p.335.

Thursday, March 26, 2020

Would You Please Get The Mail, My Mother Implored As I Entered The Doo

"Would you please get the mail," my mother implored as I entered the door. Heading towards the mailbox, I wondered if I would find daily assortment of bills and catalogues or something interesting addressed to me. To my delight, the first item was the new issue of PC Computing. Ever since I was introduced to computers when I was five, I have been fascinated by them. The summer before my sophomore year of high school, I wrote a program called Quickchange 95 using Visual Basic. This program changed the startup and shutdown screens of Windows 95. I distributed the program via shareware archives on the Internet, and I received email from all over the world about my creation. I shuffled through one of my mother's clothing catalogues to find my issue of Money Magazine. I have been interested in business and finance since the day which we started studying the stock market in fifth grade. The summer before my junior year, I combined my interests in business and computers by starting a web design company with a friend. We created a web site for a local bike shop which is only one of two bike shops in Connecticut to have a presence on the Internet. Currently, I am the head web designer for my school. I intend to combine computers and business in my future career. My goal is to work on the business side of a computer firm, and eventually, I would like to start my own computer company. A board of education letter of commendation for my participation in the FIRST robotics program also arrived today. I have been able to develop my entrepreneurial skills through the FIRST robotics program. FIRST is a national engineering competition in which partnerships are formed between local businesses and high schools to design and build a robot-like machine. The team has about six weeks to build a machine, that must be able to compete in a timed sporting event. I have been involved in FIRST each year of my high school career. Last year, I was team captain, and our team finished fourth in the country out of one hundred and fifty-six teams. As a result of my involvement with FIRST, I have improved my confidence, my leadership, and my team working abilities. FIRST gave me experience working with a diverse group of people with a variety of skills. Working alongside engineers from our sponsor company, International Fuel Cells, exposed me to the professional world beyond the classroom . I have a great appreciation for this program which has challenged me to bring out the best in myself and others. My last piece of mail was Tennis Magazine. I began playing tennis at the age of eight. During my freshman year, I played on the junior varsity tennis team, and I received the Manchester Racquet Club deserving player award which is a scholarship for a year of indoor lessons. The next two seasons, I played on the varsity tennis team. Last year, I was named to the Hartford Courant All Academic Team. Tennis has provided a welcome diversion from my technical pursuits. "What took you so long?" my mother asked as I entered the house. "Oh nothing, I really have to start my homework," as I tucked my magazines under my arms and ran up the stairs.

Friday, March 6, 2020

For Environmental Balance, Pick Up a Rifle Essay Essays

For Environmental Balance, Pick Up a Rifle Essay Essays For Environmental Balance, Pick Up a Rifle Essay Essay For Environmental Balance, Pick Up a Rifle Essay Essay In the article â€Å"For Environmental Balance. Pick up a Rifle† by Nicholas Kristof. the writer informs the reader about the importance of runing. reasoning that runing demands to be brought back in the United States to command the cervid population. He talks about the negative impact cervid have caused in decease of people by auto accidents and with the devastation of the ecosystem with their overpopulation. The bulk of cervid have had a deeply unnatural consequence in certain parts of New York and New Jersey. Kristof notes that these yearss many people view runing as a cruel and brutal and are choosing for other methods for cervid control due to their understanding for cervid. He states that it is a waste of clip and money for progressives and conservativists to be utilizing birth control and rubbers ; to forestall gestation to the cervid. With the diminution in runing patterns in North America. farther environmental instability continues. which makes runing an ecological n ecessity. If runing were to increase in the coming old ages. persons would be able to take part in the out-of-doorss and enjoy nature. However. Kristof is an undependable beginning in the cognition of animate being control and uses uneffective persuasion on this controversial subject. : When it comes to experts on animate being control. conservationists spend an excruciating sum of clip analyzing animate beings that have had a habitat intervention with the ecosystem. Nicholas Kristof is non a dependable beginning of information ; he has based his article off of an outsider’s point of position. While a column piece points out issues associated within our society. Kristof has yet to hold the appropriate background and information to back up his claim. Turning up on a farm in Oregon. analyzing jurisprudence. and working as a editorialist in The New York Times. gives some penetration as to why Kristof wrote the article in the first topographic point. This is because his audience includes a broad scope of people ; from extremely educated to barely any instruction. He is composing in a metropolis where hunting is a foreign construct. which leads Kristof to composing a commentary piece that relates to other subjects persons know about instead than the information of the cervid in general. For illustration. he states â€Å"It’s still true that in a typical twelvemonth. an American is less likely to be killed by Osama bin Laden than by Bambi† giving the reader irrelevant stuff that has nil to make with the subject of cervid control. The writer frequently states statistics that are in his favour. so his point is substantiated. In an article. â€Å"Journal of Wildlife Management† by Clinton Faas negotiations about how people generalize all cervid as something harmful without sing the different types of cervid. Not many people know about the axis and white-tailed cervid that have had a negative impact throughout the environment. While in the article Kristof’s states that â€Å"The New Jersey Audubon Society this twelvemonth advocated cervid hunting as an ecological necessity. † ( Kristof. 13 ) Yet while researching the Audubon Society it states that the white-tail cervid made resources scarce in the ecosystem and it shows no mark of fall backing to the construct of runing. Nicholas Kristof takes the word cervid throughout his article and made an premise that all cervid are harmful to society. The thought that runing cervid should be encouraged for the benefit of society and that it connects people with nature is unusually abhorrent in Nicholas Kristof’s â€Å"For the Environmenta l Balance. Pick up a Rifle. † Many carnal militants. such as the People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals ( PETA ) would hold that animate beings are non ours to utilize for nutrient. vesture. experimentation. or amusement. The ground that it is of import to handle other populating things with self-respect and regard is because they have the capacity to endure as people do. We are told that it is incorrect to ache other people. physically and mentally. Although in the article Kristof becomes indulged in the fact that animate beings are the job in society and should be put down for it. For case he quotes â€Å"So it’s clip to restore a balance in the natural universe. by accepting the thought that runing is every bit natural as bird observation. † ( Kristof. 18 ) Yet the bulk of the environments issues are caused by human actions. For illustration. misguided building. irrigation and excavation can disfigure the natural landscape and interrupt of import ecological procedures. Aggressive fishing and hunting can consume full stocks of species. Human migration can present foreign rivals to native nutrient ironss. While reading Nicholas Kristof’s article. I analyzed and exposed the undepe ndable information he provided. He stated statics that were obscure and broad. misleading the reader with irrelevant facts on other subjects. and did non hold the appropriate background to be considered an expert on the job of animate being control. Overall. hunting is non the manner to command the cervid population nor has the writer convinced his reader.

Wednesday, February 19, 2020

American History - 11 Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1750 words - 2

American History - 11 - Essay Example In December 1965 King was chosen by NAACP to spearhead the Montgomery Bus Boycott. His inspirational oratory energized the Civil Rights Movement in Alabama. The campaign succeeded after 382 days: Montgomery repealed the law mandating segregated public transportation. In January 1957, in the aftermath of this victory, Martin Luther King Jr., Ralph Abernathy, and 60 ministers and civil rights activists founded the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, which adopted a campaign of non-violent protests to promote civil rights reform. The SCLC conducted meetings on enfranchisement and King gave nation-wide talks on racism. Inspired by Mahatma Gandhi, King made non-violent activism the keystone of his policy. In 1960, King encouraged the student â€Å"sit-in† movement in several Southern cities, and coordinated the formation of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee. King was now a national celebrity and the symbol of the Civil Rights Movement.   On August 28, 1963, King led the mammoth ‘March on Washington’ which drew more than 200,000 people to the Lincoln Memorial. It was here that King made his famous â€Å"I Have a Dream† speech, asserting his belief in the brotherhood of all men. He played a pivotal role in the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 mandating desegregation of public accommodations and in publicly owned facilities and the Voting Rights Act of 1965.He received the Nobel Peace Prize for 1964. He was assassinated by  James Earl Ray, a former convict, in Memphis on April 4, 1968. Martin Luther King Jr. may be considered one of the greatest personalities who shaped the American Civil Rights Movement. 1. 27-3 Brown vs Board of Education of Topeka served as the turning point in the constitutional battle against segregation. Plessy v. Ferguson  (1896) legalized separate but equal school systems for blacks and whites. By rejecting the contention of the School Board that the